Abu Dhabi is the name of both the capital city of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and the largest of the seven individual emirates that make up the country.
The UAE was created as a federation and became a unified independent sovereign state in 1971.In addition to Abu Dhabi, which is the largest constituent in terms of both area and population, its members are Dubai, Sharjah, Ajman, Umm Al Quwain, Ras Al Khaimah and Fujairah. From 1972 until be passed away in 2004, the president of the UAE was the ruler of Abu Dhabi, His Highness sheikh Zayed bin Sutlan Al Nahyan, He has been succeeded as both president and ruler by his son, His Highness Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan. With some 10% of the world's known oil reserves, Abu Dhabi ranks as the richest of the emirates.
The UAE flag was adopted on the 2nd of December 1971 and hoisted by the late Sheikh Zayed Bin Sultan Al Nahyan , may God rest his soul in peace, declaring the establishment of the United Arab Emirates as an independent country.
The UAE flag consists of four colours; green, white, black, and red. All four of which stand for Arabian unity. The flag, the length of which is twice the width, was designed In 1971 by a young Emirati, Abdullah Mohammed Al Maainah.
The flag displays three equal horizontal bands of green, white and black respectively from the top downwards, while the vertical strip of red is next to the mast. Al Maainah intended the four colours to reflect Arabian unity.
The theme of which appears In the two stanzas of an Arabic poem by Safiul Din Al Holi who described deeds of benevolence, goodness and kindness. The poet wrote about the hard-fought historical battles of the land, with deeds and intentions that were white, meaning benign, but the vigour of the battles were black, meaning strong, while the lands were vast and green, and the gallant swords were stained with red blood.